As stated in Ciyou & Dixon, P.C.’s blog post of February 25, 20191 (read it here) the idea of cohabitation between partners has become common in the United States. Couples may cohabit for a variety of reasons – younger individuals are choosing to cohabit before marriage at an increasing rate; partners with children may choose not to marry for a variety of reasons; some who have been “burned” by a past marriage may vow never to get married again but have found a new partner with whom they enjoy sharing their life; some may want to avoid the expense and ...
March 13, 2019CD
“You have the right to remain silent” is a phrase most have heard, whether it be from a television show or personal experience. This phrase is from what is known as (a part of the) Miranda rights. Miranda rights are a centerpiece of the American legal system and arise out of the United States Constitution’s Fifth Amendment right against self-incrimination. When exactly does an officer have to read an individual their Miranda rights? And what happens if an individual is not read their Miranda rights? The short and simple answer is that— it depends. As is generally the case in ...
November 27, 2018CD
The concept that you are “innocent until proven guilty by evidence beyond a reasonable doubt” is a cornerstone of the American legal system. Arising out of this important legal concept is what is known as the rule of lenity. The rule of lenity requires that criminal statutes be strictly construed against the drafter (the State), and any ambiguities or uncertainties that exist within the statute are to be applied in the manner most favorable to the defendant. The reasoning behind this is that an individual, who is presumed innocent, should not be held criminally liable due to some vague penal ...
September 5, 2018CD
In the 1960s and 1970s, a parent and the kids would sometimes go on “vacation” and while away, the spouse with the children would file for divorce in another state to gain custody. This because so problematic (as is the case with child support enforcement) a uniform child custody (litigation) act was passed into1 law in all states. This law, which all other states recognize with some exceptions, dictates the child’s “home state” is where divorce and custody proceedings subsequent custody must occur. A child’s home state is where the child has lived for six months prior to the divorce ...
July 25, 2018CD
In Indiana, unlike some other states, there are two higher courts, the Indiana Court of Appeals and the Supreme Court. Generally, litigants have an appeal as a matter of right from any losing (in whole or part) final order issued from an Indiana trial court. Appeals are made in written format and have very precise rules and requirements because of the vast amount of time and resources an appeal takes. Whether considering an appeal or retaining counsel, this blog sets forth mistakes that can dilute your appellate brief, cause dismissal, or even sanctions. The key takeaway is appeals need the ...
July 5, 2018CD
Every litigant in Indiana administrative proceedings or trial courts has the ultimate right to appeal to the Indiana Court of Appeals. Trial courts make many orders, but typically it is the last one deciding the issues that is the final order that is subject to appeal. Usually. However, life and law are complex and sometimes an appealed order is not final as to all of the issues or not a final order at all. A recent case, Severance v. Pleasant View, demonstrates that even where a case before the Court of Appeals does not present a final appealable order, it ...
March 26, 2018CD
Divorce is often the best of times and the worst of times - all at the same time. The decision to move on in life from a worn-out relationship is hard-to-impossible to make, particularly where there are children involved. The “unknowns” and “uncertainty” are what hold many people back. On the other hand, life is short and taking steps to move to a new future when a marriage cannot be repaired is at the same time, liberating to exciting for many litigants. This blog post provides three practical, common-sense tips most litigants never think of in this context, but which ...
March 13, 2018CD
In some divorces, there is “foreign” real estate within the total marital estate1. Typically, this falls into one of three categories: (1) a timeshare or some other similar factional ownership; (2) a home or property sited in another state; or (3) a home or property located in another country. Under the Indiana Divorce Act—Indiana’s body of law that guides judges in divorce proceedings—all such real property is subject to the jurisdiction of the divorce court and must be divided. This blog covers the unique legal concepts and issues related to “foreign” real property. The most common type of marital asset is ...
January 8, 2018CD
With the age of the internet, most legal consumers have some working knowledge of the issues surrounding their case in a trial court or on appeal. While appeals are much rarer than trial court proceedings, there is still good general information available online about appeals. A little research shows that most appeals involve issues of fact or law. With pure questions of fact, the appellant’s position (on appeal) is the trial court did not properly weight the facts or excluded key facts. Questions of law, which make for stronger appeals, argue on appeal the trial court misapplied the law. However, in ...
January 2, 2018CD
For the last several years, “Black Friday” gun sales have hit all-time highs, according to statistics from the FBI’s National Instant Background Check System (“NICS”) checks. This means licensed retailers are selling a lot of firearms. Well, this year was no different. The trend continued and the FBI hit an all-time high record of 203,000 NICS checks. Anecdotally, this must mean that a part of Santa’s Holiday gift list in Indiana is purchasing and giving a gun as a gift. But, is this lawful? What are the other legal issues surrounding giving guns as gifts? This is the focus of ...
December 15, 2017CD