In mid-2004, Indianapolis resident Kenneth Anderson had his guns taken by the police because of his behavior. He was committing no criminal act at the time, but the police thought he was a risk to himself and others. However, the firearms were later ordered to be returned to him. On August 18, 2004, Anderson went on a massive shooting spree and killed citizens and a police officer. Indiana then passed a “Dangerous Person” statutory scheme, which became the model for other states’ red flag laws. This blog explores the way Indiana’s Dangerous Person1 statute works and what you can do ...
June 12, 2020CD
An individual’s Second Amendment1 right to keep and bear arms becomes all the more important in these troubling times. As people in Indiana (and nationally) flocked to their local firearms dealer or a gun shop to buy a gun in the face of uncertainty with the COVID-19 global pandemic, many individuals were “denied” the purchase by a NICS2 background check. Is this your situation? If you didn’t expect it, you probably have many questions swirling around in your head, such as “how is this possible? what does this mean? what can I do to fix it?” In this blog, we ...
April 29, 2020CD
As feds crackdown on 'straw sales,' other illegal gun sales remain harder to track. Ciyou & Dixon, P.C. - Firearms Attorney, Bryan L. Ciyou speaks with Channel 13 Eyewitness News about straw purchases of firearms.
July 24, 2019CD
Indiana has a strong affirmative defense penal provision that allows Hoosiers to protect their life, home/curtilage and stop forcible felonies.1 It is a crime to pull a gun on someone and, if it goes further, to shoot them. However, an affirmative defense means even if the State (the prosecutor) meets all of the elements of the crimes associated with pulling a gun and even killing a person, you may be acquitted. The affirmative defense says, in essence, the killing is excused because it is justified. This blog covers the four key points that are generally necessary for a person to ...
May 23, 2019CD
Under Indiana law, you can be convicted of possession of illegal drugs (or other contraband such as a gun) found during the search of a passenger vehicle, even if you are merely the passenger. This concept is called constructive possession and is used to charge and convict both drivers and/or passengers when there is no way for the State to prove direct ownership or control over the drugs or who knew the illegal items were in the car. This is not a new legal concept. To balance innocence, in cases of constructive possession, the State is required to prove the existence ...
October 24, 2018CD
In Indiana, statistics on Licenses to Carry Handguns and a hunting culture firmly establishes firearms as a cultural norm. This blog post focuses narrowly on the ways responsible gun owners run afoul of the law and often commit criminal acts while traveling with or carrying guns into other states. It is hoped this will provide awareness for readers to avoid such legal entanglements. The most common issue is with reciprocal carry. Generally, this is where one state recognizes another state’s license to carry a handgun. However, like a driver’s license, the licensee must follow the laws of the state he or ...
January 18, 2017Adam Hayes
Several years ago, a known person who was mentally ill, but had committed no crime and possessed firearms, went on a shooting spree killing a family member and a police officer and wounding another. In response the General Assembly passed the “Dangerous Person” statute.1 This allows police officers to confiscate firearms from persons they believe pose a risk to society. The person is then given an expedited hearing where the burden is on the State to prove they are a dangerous person or return the firearms. This was challenged in Indiana’s appellate courts and was affirmed as constitutional as this firearm ...
June 21, 2016Adam Hayes
As of July 13, 2016, NFA trusts will dramatically change. Those with NFA trusts or those that set them up after this time, will have very different requirements for acquisition of NFA items. This blog post covers three key changes. The first is that every member of the trust with control will have to complete a new form 5320.23 for each responsible person. The form essentially asks about the information contained on a 4473 form completed when someone purchases a firearm to determine if he or she is prohibited from possession. The second requirement is each such person must provide two classifiable ...
April 26, 2016Adam Hayes
Be Informed, Not the Criminal Defendant By any account, Indiana is unique in its identification with the right to keep and bear arms. For instance, hundreds of thousands of Hoosiers have a License to Carry Handgun. While the need for a license, and in some general sense understanding of the need for training on safe gun handling is widely accepted and understood, there are pervasive myths that attorneys at Ciyou & Dixon see routinely that cause gun owners to be criminally prosecuted. The first is pointing a firearm due to a sense of fear or to scare someone off. Generally, unless the ...
March 31, 2016Adam Hayes
Carrying firearms, particularly a handgun, is an ordinary part of life for most members of the law enforcement community as well as a growing number of ordinary citizens from all walks of life. In fact, it becomes so common place and natural—like wearing shoes--that a number of people “forget” and carry these through airport security screening every day. When this occurs, typically three legal matters occur that an attorney may be able to assist with. First, and most importantly, this probable cause for the crime of taking a firearm, explosive or deadly weapon through a controlled airport inspection point.1 While extreme ...
March 1, 2016Adam Hayes