The answer is, “It depends”. Under the laws covering children born to unwed parents, a father may legally acknowledge he is the child’s biological father. This is done by the parents entering into (filling out and signing) a Hospital Paternity Affidavit at the hospital soon after the child’s birth. This ensures the father participates in naming the child and his name appears on the child’s birth certificate. This blog covers what custody rights a father has upon entry of the Hospital Paternity Affidavit and what a putative (potential) father should consider if he is unsure whether he is indeed the father ...
August 9, 2018CD
In love, war, divorce and most other major aspects of life and daily living, someone or some side has an actual or perceived advantage. Most fathers in child custody dispute cases recognize that a large part of our society has a general belief that mothers should have custody of their children and believe this is reflected in custody laws—mothers have an advantage because women carry and bear the children of the world. However, many changes are occurring. Now there is gay marriage and adoption and more children are being raised by third parties like grandparents. So, the question becomes, where ...
August 1, 2018CD
Historically, the tender’s years presumption was law and effectively held that young children were presumed to be better cared for by their mothers, who most often received custody and the fathers “visitation” on divorce. That was a different time when the traditional family had a father working and a mother being a home-maker. This gave way to a gender-neutral legal position that meant, in theory, the recognition that either parent was presumptively able to have physical custody. The blog explores Father’s Rights now, trends, and suggestions for maximizing time in custody litigation. Since this time, same-sex marriage has become legal, more ...
November 28, 2017CD
Unlike in divorce cases, where children born during the marriage are presumed to be children of the Husband and Wife1, in paternity cases, paternity of the child has to be established by one of several means2. One way, in particular, DNA testing, creates a reliable basis for the alleged father to ensure paternity of the child in question. In many paternity actions, the parents were together at the time when the child was conceived, and the father may have signed the paternity affidavit at the hospital. But, in those instances where paternity is uncertain and has not been established, DNA testing ...
September 28, 2017CD
As with all cases brought against an individual or family (civil or criminal), the State has the burden of proof. With respect to neglected children (“CHINS”) or children who commit acts that would be crimes (“Juvenile Delinquents”) if an adult, the Indiana Department of Child Services (“DCS”) acts for the State. In a recent case, a divided Indiana Court of Appeals reversed a Child in Need of Services (“CHINS”) determination against a father. This case has three key holdings or points for parents who may become involved in CHINS proceedings. First, a CHINS filing (petition) is often made by acts or ...
April 19, 2017Adam Hayes
For many father’s who seek joint or primary custody, there is the belief that they are predisposed to an outcome. However, Indiana’s divorce statute is gender neutral and father’s are prevailing on custody claims in Indiana courts who focus on the children’s best interests. To make your best case, here at four tips. Perception is reality. Many, if not most, father’s today have work schedules that are more conducive to sharing custody, working from home, flexible hours, and the like. However, if you go into your case with the notion father’s are not on equal footing with mother’s it is a ...
November 4, 2015Adam Hayes
In each state, in Indiana and across the nation, there has been an acute focus over the last several years on Father’s rights to custody of their children. Law is slow to change and remnants of the “tender years presumption” continued pushing father’s rights groups harder. The tender years presumption is a older legal policy that children of a young or tender year should be in the care and custody of their mother in a divorce. There are five key aspects of father’s rights, namely a father obtaining custody of his children in a divorce or paternity case, set into the ...
October 1, 2015Adam Hayes
When a child is born to a married couple, it may seem ridiculous to ask the question, who is the daddy? But, sometimes, this may not be a ridiculous question after all. Most all divorce petitions and decrees include the names and ages of the children born of the marriage (if under 21), but also include the statement “Wife is not now pregnant.”1 Some may wonder why this is important to state? Whenever a couple divorces, if there are minor children involved, the court must address the issues of custody, parenting time and child support. Thus, if the Wife is pregnant ...
November 7, 2013CD
Modifying Child Support with a Large Arrearage and Reinstatement of License to Drive Based On Law and Public Policy Through divorce or custody proceedings, a child support worksheet, which uses a complex formula, is produced in order to determine an appropriate child support amount to be paid. The child support worksheet uses gross weekly income and takes into account many factors to make sure child support is equitable, and includes other children the parties have a legal duty support, and childcare costs. Once the parties have presented their worksheets to the Court, typically by a trial if the amount of support is ...
July 31, 2012CD
Beware of “True Up” Provisions and Changing Child Support Formulas When calculating child support, complex mathematical formulas are utilized which take in account prior and subsequently born children, health care costs, and the number of overnights exercised by the parent paying child support, to name a few. These are constant considerations in virtually all child support calculations. Because the child support calculation formula is used to determine child support for numerous types of parents across many types of economic circumstances, it remains fairly general. Stated differently, the income, status, and finances of each parent is different, and as such, a basic formula ...
June 26, 2012CD