It does not apply. Other firearms, typically long guns, such as rifles and shotguns, are regulated by other civil and criminal laws and local ordinances.
This is a common misunderstanding that may continue after Indiana Senate Bill 506 becomes law. This is because handguns, generally speaking, are not as lethal as long guns. Some reason that a License must apply to the carry of a long gun if they are more dangerous. Nevertheless, a License to Carry a Handgun only applies to carrying a handgun.
The reason handguns have been signaled out for such additional and lawful regulation is because they are so easy to conceal. This presents safety issues for other law-abiding citizens and law enforcement. Thus, the Indiana Supreme Court has found the requirement of a License to Carry a Handgun to be constitutional under Article I, Section 32 of the Indiana Constitution.
Turning back to the places where a handgun may be carried without a License, the Indiana judiciary and appellate courts have narrowly construed the current statute. Under it, a person does not need a License to carry if he or she is carrying in his or her dwelling, property, or fixed place of business.
For this reason, a person who may have lawfully transported a firearm to a practice range, Camp Atterbury being a common example, was committing a crime (misdemeanor for carrying a handgun a without a License) once he or she carried the handgun on or about her person at the range for target practice.
Indiana Senate Bill 506 corrects these shortfalls in the current Licensing exceptions. This noted, three concerns/cautions are noteworthy. First, once these provisions become law, they have to be applied by the courts. A person who desires to be a law-abiding citizen should not seek to exploit any ambiguities that it may contain.
Second, the changes in this law have no application to someone previously convicted for carrying a handgun without a License; despite the fact that the act or omission for which they were convicted may now be lawful.
Third, a constant and unwavering position put forth by Bryan Ciyou is that interacting with firearms is a risk-laden position. A big component of risk management is not incurring any unnecessary risk. Thus, any person carrying a handgun with any frequency anywhere in the state should obtain an Indiana unlimited License to carry a handgun.