The short answer to the question is, it depends. Whether it be a job opportunity, family, or a change of scenery, individuals are relocating now more than ever. Relocation has become somewhat of a norm, so much so that the Indiana Legislature actually created a statutory chapter to specifically deal with relocation and its applicability to child custody. In this blog we provide a brief overview of relocation and how it can affect custody. The first thing you need to look at is who exactly the relocation statutes apply to. According to the statute, an individual must file a notice of ...
February 27, 2020CD
Most divorcing couples and divorced parties (and parties to paternity cases) know that if they move (or “relocate” in legal parlance) during or after a divorce/paternity, they must file a Notice of Intent to Relocate. For a long period, most of Indiana followed Marion County’s rule on relocation, which meant a party could move 100 miles without taking any legal action. However, in recent years that changed when the Legislature passed a new relocation statute.1 This statute required a moving parent to file a Notice before the move, and, if objected to, show the move was made in good faith ...
August 12, 2019CD
Going through a divorce or raising a child who was born outside of a marriage comes with unique challenges for custodial and non-custodial parents alike. Despite these challenges, such parents are not immune to other changes and challenges that life may throw their way. After a divorce or after having a child outside of marriage, a parent may obtain a new career opportunity, engage in a new relationship, desire to move closer to their hometown or their family, or have to move closer to provide care to an ailing family member. Whatever the reason, moving when you are in a ...
March 26, 2019CD
Most of us will have multiple jobs during our work career. The days of starting, working for and retiring with a company are mostly past. For divorced parents or those who have children born outside of marriage, a move for a job, new relationship, or the myriad of reasons, the move is more complicated because of Indiana’s custody relocation status. This requires these parents to provide advance notice of relocation or face legal consequences from payment of legal fees to loss of custody. This blog addresses four little-known details or considerations relevant to custody relocation you must know. First, both custodial and ...
January 16, 2019CD
In the 1960s and 1970s, a parent and the kids would sometimes go on “vacation” and while away, the spouse with the children would file for divorce in another state to gain custody. This because so problematic (as is the case with child support enforcement) a uniform child custody (litigation) act was passed into1 law in all states. This law, which all other states recognize with some exceptions, dictates the child’s “home state” is where divorce and custody proceedings subsequent custody must occur. A child’s home state is where the child has lived for six months prior to the divorce ...
July 25, 2018CD
Perhaps everyone who reads this blog will agree that routine and “sameness” are considered aspects of our daily life. The old adage, “change is hard”, best captures this concept. The same is true for children of divorce and paternity cases. The initial determination of which parent should have custody is “gender neutral” and gives no parent a preference for preliminary custody in the trial court’s initial determination. However, after the case is decided, where custody may change, the children usually establish a custodial routine on who they stay with and when. Any changes or disruptions to the schedule are significant for the ...
July 11, 2018CD
Jobs and relationships (significant others) are in a constant state of change in today’s digital world. However, in cases where two parents share custody or one has primary custody and the other parenting time from a divorce1 or paternity order, a relocation of any significant distance can create a potentially significant issue for parenting by the non-relocating parent. Where the custodial parent is the relocating parent, if challenged by the remaining parent, the relocating parent must prove the relocation is made in good faith and for a legitimate reason. This blog presupposes a relocating parent can meet this burden; and ...
June 27, 2018CD
Custody is initially determined by the courts in divorce or paternity by considering statutory factors, including the age of the child, his/her adjustment to their home, school, community, and the mental and physical health of all individuals involved.1 In this situation, there is no preference for either parent. Psychologically and socially, children need stability so custody is not as easy to modify. However, custody can be modified by a court upon a showing of substantial change in the initial custody factors, and that a modification would be in the child’s best interests.2 There are numerous reasons why parents seek to modify ...
December 26, 2017CD
A number of our blogs over time have discussed the “how to” of a good faith relocation. Unfortunately, sometimes a parent gets blinded by the desire to move and loses sight of the fact this may not be in the children’s best interests; and he or she may provide very little or no notice and relocate. This blog addresses the potential remedies to stop or challenge a custodial parent’s relocation with the child by the non-custodial parent. When the custodial parent provides timely notice of relocation, the non-custodial parent can object in one of two recognized ways. The first is to ...
September 14, 2016Adam Hayes
In 2006, the Legislature passed a “relocation statute” to provide guidance to the courts on how the courts should address a parent who wants to relocate, especially since this type of action typically involves creating some distance between at least one of the parents and the minor child/children. The statute mandates that the relocating parent provide advance notice of the intended relocation and that the relocating parent has the burden of proof to demonstrate "good faith and a legitimate reason". A recent case by the Indiana Court of Appeals further clarifies how this balance is to be weighed by trial courts. ...
August 23, 2016Adam Hayes