The point of a civil or criminal trial—overall--is to ensure substantive and procedural due process and protection of fundamental and key constitutional principles. However, no trial court is infallible and most trials do not occur without legal errors being made. This is why some errors may be deemed “harmless” and not afford a new trial or reversal. Stated differently, this means that unless a given error ...
February 21, 2017 / Custody Modification
Indiana’s elected judges are tasked with the important job of weighing the evidence of the parties’ positions when presented with a custody modification case or contempt of court for a wide range of circumstances, such parenting time interference. In a recent key dissent (from granting transfer [i.e., taking the case by its discretion]), the Indiana Supreme Court1 signaled that when the facts can support but one conclusion—a parent has intentionally interfered with parenting time--such continual interference itself can ...
February 20, 2017 / Indiana Handgun Permit
Hundreds of thousands of Hoosiers have a License to Carry Handgun, commonly known as a “permit” issued by the Indiana State Police. With application and the complexities of the law, there are many reasons an application may be denied and appealed. In many cases, a denial—properly addressed—can be remedied on appeal. This blog explores common reasons for denial and how an attorney may assist you in the process. The first is a misstatement on the Application. Law and life are complex ...
February 17, 2017 / Juvenile Delinquency
Each and every day children are “detained”, namely arrested, for juvenile delinquency. In essence, juvenile delinquency is the same as a criminal arrest, except the minor is not deemed to be a person with a criminal charge because they are under age. However, juvenile detentions are a significant legal matter and anecdotal evidence Ciyou & Dixon, P.C. advocates demonstrates parents and their children poorly understand their rights and standard ways to respond to a juvenile delinquency detention. This blog explores the ...
Four Legal Categories “Third Parties” Who May Have Legal Rights to Contact with Children Other Than Parents
February 16, 2017 / Third Party Custody
Without question, more third parties--from neighbors to grandparents--are caring for or raising others’ children. What are their rights to contact, visitation, parenting time, and custody of the children they are caring for and/or raising? This is a complex factual and legal question since the United States Constitution provides biological (and adoptive) parents with the fundamental (i.e., high level) right to raise their children; this legal right trumps the fact a third party may do a markedly better job. This blog post explores ...
In today’s world, key evidence needed in criminal and civil proceedings exists in the digital world and may be a composite of pictures, texts, and third-party statements. A key recent ruling of the Indiana Court of Appeals makes clear the Rules of Evidence and authentication of such as true cannot be objectionable to thwart justice. This blog post covers some of the key points of that case and the care that everyone should exercise using social media. The key ...
February 14, 2017 / College Tuition/Expenses
A controversial topic across the United States with divorced families or children born out of wedlock is: “Who pays for post-secondary education?” Post-secondary education is generally defined as education beyond high school. A recent national case in New Jersey brought this matter to the forefront. Here Caitlyn Ricci sued her parents for tuition at Temple University and lost that battle.1 This blog covers post-secondary education as a policy and as it applies in Indiana. In many states, the duty to pay any support for a child, ...
February 9, 2017 / Business Valuation
In many cases, a martial business ranging from a minority stock ownership in a business, such as a car dealership, to a physician practice, may be a large source of marital income. However, when a divorce is filed, there are three major problems a spouse may face with such in maintaining what he or she believes is a just and equal division and maintaining a lifestyle as if the divorce had not occurred. This blog addresses three key ...
February 8, 2017 / Division of Assets
Future Inheritances and Non-Vested Stock Options The Dissolution Act (the laws the cover divorces) gives wide definition to marital property for a divorce court to divide. This includes property acquired before marriage and brought into the marriage; property acquired by joint efforts, and assets that accumulate during the marriage. The divorce court is to presume no matter what type of property this is before it a presumption is an equal division. However, if just and reasonable a divorce ...